Thursday, June 22, 2017




Friday, June 16, 2017

compute derivative coefficient of n-th degree polynomial equation

 #include <stdio.h>  
 #define ELE 4  
 int main()  
  int i;  
  int g = 3; //degree  
  double c[ELE][3] = {{1, 5, 9},   
                      {2, 6, 10},  
                      {3, 7, 11},  
                      {4, 8, 12}};   
  //ELE coefficient of parametric equation  
  //eg ELE == 0 4x^3 + 3x^2 + 2x + 1 2d element of array is x, y, z  
  for(int i=0; i<ELE; i++)  
   for(int j=0; j<3; j++)  
     printf("%.1f ", c[i][j]);  
  int n = 2; //n-th derivative   
  for(int drv=1; drv<=n; drv++)  
   for(i=g; i>=0; i--)  
     for(int axs=0; axs<3; axs++) //if we want the derivative not be 3 dimensional parametric equation delete this loop  
  for(int i=0; i<ELE; i++)  
   for(int j=0; j<3; j++)  
     printf("%.1f ", c[i][j]);  

Friday, June 9, 2017

2d dynamic array with known number of column element

how to make dynamic array with known number of column element
for example for a 3d coordinate.

suppose i need to make 2d dynamic array for a 3d coordinate, because the element of 3d coordinate is x, y, z so the number column is 3.
let's say i need to have
double point[some_number][3];
and that number is suppose unknown until we read the file, lets say ptscount.

one simple way to allocate the dynamic 2d array is as follow. 

double (*point)[3] = (double (*)[3])malloc(sizeof(double) * ptscount*3);

brief explanation
- double (*point)[3]: double variable of  "point" that has 3 array element, this will make point[ptscount][3]

- (double (*)[3]): casting to double of pointer that has 3 array element

- malloc(sizeof(double) * ptscount*3): memory allocation for (the size of double variable) times(×) (ptscount (number or row of the array) with 3 column)

after using it you have to free the memory
free (point);

Thursday, June 1, 2017

use malloc for struct

 #include <stdio.h>  
 #include <stdlib.h>  
 struct Healdirect  
    double m_tors;  
    double curvedir[3];  
 void showme(struct Healdirect *healdeci)  
    struct Healdirect test;  
    test.m_tors = healdeci->m_tors;  
    test.curvedir[0] = healdeci->curvedir[0];  
    test.curvedir[1] = healdeci->curvedir[1];  
    test.curvedir[2] = healdeci->curvedir[2];  
    printf("torsion: %.2f \n", test.m_tors);  
    printf("curvature direction: ");  
    for(int i=0; i<3; i++)  
       printf("%.2f ", test.curvedir[i]);  
 void main()  
    //example of struct using pointer and malloc  
    struct Healdirect *hd = malloc(sizeof(hd));  
    //sample data   
    hd->m_tors = 0.24;  
   hd->curvedir[0] = 0.99;  
   hd->curvedir[1] = 0.88;  
   hd->curvedir[2] = 0.77;  
   //show sample data after the memory is filled  
   //free the memory  
   if(hd) free(hd);